The idea to create EnTraT srls arises from the union of two different specific skills:
- hydrogen energy systems, expertise developed in the course of over 30 years of activity by Prof. Spazzafumo;
- LCSA (Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment) methodology, expertise developed in the last 5 years by Eng. Candelaresi.
The combination of these two types of expertise is highly innovative and current, given:
- the recent increased interest in hydrogen as an energy carrier;
- the growing importance of the LCA methodology in general and also in the search for funding, especially in the European field.
The company's field of action includes three interconnected sectors:
- technology transfer in the energy sector with particular reference to systems based on the production, storage, distribution and use of hydrogen;
- environmental, techno-economic and social assessments carried out by applying the LCSA methodology and their digital certification;
- territorial energy planning with particular attention to the creation of both residential and industrial energy communities.
The company aims to support public bodies and private companies in strategic planning on environmental issues and in the environmental assessment of their products / processes, as well as providing support on the subject of LCSA to universities, research centers and companies that submit project proposals to tenders. national and European.
Hydrogen Energy Systems
While the use of hydrogen in the chemical and petrochemical industry is based on consolidated technologies that make use of fossil sources, the use of hydrogen as an energy vector, although proposed for about 60 years, is still under development.
The most obvious problem to be solved is that of cost: the goal is to produce "green" hydrogen at a cost that is competitive with that of fossil-derived fuels.
In this regard, the company is able to carry out studies aimed at indicating the various feasible options, supporting the client in the choices most suitable for their case. In particular, simulations of thermochemical plants, energy balances and studies aimed at recovering any waste energy are carried out.
In addition, the company can intervene, with the support of partner companies, in the executive design and can help the client find the companies able to deal with the implementation phase.
A particular topic of interest is Power to X. Actually the production of hydrogen is not a problem from a technological point of view. It is just a problem of costs. Distribution and accumulation, on the other hand, still present critical aspects that slow down the development of the hydrogen system. As for use, there are sectors in which the problem is only of an economic nature and others in which the technology has yet to be fine-tuned. In some cases, using hydrogen to produce “traditional” fuels can be the sustainable solution from all points of view (technical, environmental and economic).
Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment
The energy transition is a tough challenge. It is important to demonstrate that the adoption of alternative technologies leads to greater sustainability as a result, requiring an overall vision to avoid "impact shifts".
The LCSA methodology makes it possible to evaluate environmental, economic and social sustainability in all phases of the life cycle. In particular, in the case of hydrogen, as an energy carrier, comprehensive analyses are required.
The spin-off can provide detailed analyses of sustainability and circularity, in all its facets, suggesting targeted and effective interventions and strategies.
In particular, this methodology allows you to make comparisons between different systems/products that have the same purpose or to analyze a system/product to carry out a gravity analysis and thus identify the critical points to be addressed. This is also very important in the eco-design perspective of a new product.
Territorial Energy Planning
As regards territorial energy planning, the company deals with the study of solutions for energy communities, as proposed by European Union directives, and industrial districts, combining the use of renewable sources with the accumulation of energy also through the production of hydrogen , possibly usable for uses other than the regeneration of electricity, in relation to the needs of the community or district.
The ideal goal is to achieve the energy self-sufficiency of the individual community, but this is not possible due to the irregular availability of renewable sources. The use of hydrogen as a stationary storage system can be of great help in improving the level of self-sufficiency, but the degree of utilization of the plants should not be neglected as this has a great impact on costs.